Cat breeds -M-
The Maine Coon is phenotype of the House cat for centuries for in New England, Maine and surrounding States on the North East coast of the United States.
The ' Maine Coon ' is a descendant of a number of long-haired house cats that were taken by settlers from Europe to America and that is mixed with the cats residing in ' Maine '.
Hereinafter referred to as did natural selection the rest, where the cat is adapted to the harsh climate of Maine.
There are many stories about the origin of this breed.
A popular myth is that the Maine Coon would be a cross between a raccoon and a Lynx.
The Maine Coon cat breed is the largest house in the world with a semi-longhair coat, a sturdy skeleton and a long full tail.
In later life the remote access especially in the winter an imposing collar around the head and a longer coat on the back of the hind legs.
Many animals also possess the property for lynx tufts might get, something that is valued by enthusiasts.
This makes the Maine Coon to a wild appearance.
The head is wedge-shaped, light medium, typical bulbous forehead.
In side view shows the skull a slight camber between the nose and forehead.
High and great cheekbones, square muzzle, broad nose, sometimes towards the end, convex.
Solid Chin, powerful, free long jaws.
The ears are large, wide at the base, quite pointed and set high on the head.
The inside is lush hairy with long fine hairs that grow horizontally.
The eyes are large, standing far apart from each other, somewhat oval.
When they are open, however, they seem well around, the eyes are slightly angled.
The body is long, rectangular and large, heavy bone structure and powerful muscles.
The legs are medium-long, solid, strong bones and muscles developed.
They have big, round feet and Tufts of hair between the toes.
The tail is long, broad at the base, slightly sloping to the tip, with lush, long hair.
Put back over the back comes this minimal to the shoulder blades.
The coat is adapted to all seasons, dense, silky.
Short on the head, shoulders and legs, longer on the back and the flanks and with a lush pants.
Long hair on the abdomen, the presence of a collar is appreciated.
The Undercoat is soft, fine and covered with a gladder impenetrable and slightly greasy-feeling coat.
All colors are allowed with the exception of chocolate, Lilac, Cinnamon and Fawn, and Color-point.
Any amount of white is allowed, the color categories can be categorized as follows: Tabby – Monochrome – Torte – Silver – Smoke – Varicolored.
This Oriental semi-longhair cat is recently developed from crosses between Oriental cats and Balinese (long-haired Siamese).
American breeders still go through with crosses between Siamese and Oriental cats, Balinese, to better capture the properties of the remote access or stabilization.
The Mandarin was in 1994 on a provisional basis by the C.F.A. has recognized a breed standard drawn up in 1998, the T.I.C.A.
This breed is still relatively unknown in Europe; the breed is bred in Netherlands from 1970.
The very first Mandarins were also here of intersections of Balinese and Oriental short-hairs.
Oriental half long hairs are friendly cats with a strong individual character.
They are remarkably affectionate and love attention, but can be stubborn.
They are talkative and have a loud voice; they are playful and will continue into old age.
These cats are smart, intelligent and curious and there will be few eluded them.
Since cats of this breed are very people-oriented, you can very easily learn tricks.
The head is wedge-shaped and viewed from the front makes the head together with the large, obliquely placed ears a perfect triangle.
The Chin is firm but may not be too pronounced.
The nasal bridge shows no stop, but goes into the forehead.
The eyes are almond shaped, obliquely placed in the header, and include an Oriental expression.
The physique is one to be the same as the Oriental short hair.
They have a muscular, tall and slim body.
The legs are long, slim and graceful and the feet are oval, the hind legs are longer than the front legs, so that the back to back up.
The tail is long and thin, the hair on the tail is long and silky.
The coat is half long hair and feels silky and fine and should be flat against the House.
The coat may not stand or too fat, an Undercoat is missing almost completely.
All the colors we see at the Oriental short hair come back at the Oriental Longhair.
Popular are the plain blue, Brown (Havana) and black cats.
The eye color is clearly green, preferably without a hint of yellow or amber.
Odd-eyed white copies are allowed, that is they have a green and a black eye.
The Manx was born on the Isle of Man, an independent island falling under the British Crown in the Irish Sea where it ages ago, possibly as a spontaneous mutation arose and there kittens were born without tail or with a short blunt tail.
Because the property has no negative effects for the survival, plants the animals reproduce and since the gene spread rapidly property inherits, dominant.
The local population has already expressed more than once amazing cats with a tail these were unknown to them.
The breed comes in both short-haired and long-haired variety, the last is also sometimes called Cymric but nowadays all umbrella organizations see the Manx as 1 race with two coat lengths.
The head is fairly wide and round, moderately rounded forehead, clear visible cheeks.
The muzzle is slightly longer than wide, moderately big nose without clear stop or upturned nose.
Well developed and round whisker pads, sturdy Chin and long whiskers.
The ears are medium sized, wide at the base, rounded buds, well apart standing and thinly hairy.
The eyes are large, round; slightly diagonally implanted, their color is in harmony with the coat color.
The body is medium sized, sturdy, stocky, broad chest, short, rounded back.
The front legs are shorter than the hind legs; they have strong bones and well-developed muscles.
Round feet, it’s like as a hopping rabbit.
The tail consists of different:
Rumply: no tail (no tail vertebra).
Erosion must be present on the normal adhesion-setting of the tail.
Rumply-riser: 1 to 3 vertebrae covered with her asset.
Stumpy: tail of a few inches, 1 to 3 vertebrae, often with bone malformation (' knotted ' tail).
Tailed: normal or kinked tail.
The Munchkin is originally from the State of Louisiana in America.
In 1982 gave birth to a black cat, Blackberry called, of kittens with very short legs.
The gene that the basis of this spontaneous mutation was found to be dominant.
The short legs were caused by the congenital defect Achondroplasia (dwarfism).
This growth disorder disrupts the length growth of bones and cartilage.
This makes the limbs, in this case the feet, seriously shortened and the hull has a normal length.
It comes in many species of mammals in exceptional cases.
Since then, a breeding program was established to expand the breed.
In the 1930s, was this kind of cats already signaled in England, but in World War II is one lost sight of them.
The Munchkin has, on his legs after strongly shortened, the appearance of a domestic cat and occurs in all possible colors and pattern combinations in both long hair and short hair.
The most notable to the appearance of the Munchkin-cat are, of course, its characteristic short legs.
They are very flexible: he has firm muscles and an average bone structure.
The head has the shape of an equilateral triangle with rounded sides, the skull is rounded off with a flat head.
The cheeks can, especially among males, wide.
He has a medium long nose with a slight stop, his chin is firm but not sticking out.
On his head are triangular, rather wide and straight ears.
The eyes are large and Walnut-shaped, they are quite far apart and are slightly angled.
They have a medium body with a round breast, the backbone is as pliable as in other breeds.
His bones and muscles are average to good.
If both exist with the Munchkin short-haired long-haired coat, the coat has a silky structure.
A variety of coat colors are possible, all colors are allowed.
The breed has a fairly thick tail which is carried high and upright during the move.